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古巴第一次提到马铃薯可以追溯到1798年,当时一位农民抱怨缺少合适的种薯。事实上,由于缺乏能适应古巴热带岛屿气候的马铃薯品种,数代农民都无法种植马铃薯。

自20世纪70年代以来,得益于使用从法国和荷兰进口的种薯,该种薯可连续三年在当地重新种植,因此马铃薯产量稳步增长。 古巴的马铃薯产量在2000年达到创纪录的37万吨,从那时起,年均收成超过30万吨。

自1990年以来,产量翻了一番。如今,古巴每公顷产量超过24吨,是拉丁美洲产量最高的国家,比世界平均产量高50%。古巴马铃薯的生产集中在首都哈瓦那周边地区,主要用于炸薯条。人均马铃薯年消费量约为30公斤。(来源:国际马铃薯年)

2014年,古巴种植了大约3200公顷马铃薯,比2013年的总面积少57%,比1990年面积少17%。
农业数据 古巴
Potato Yield in 2017 :217360.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2017 :147044.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :6765.00haOfficial data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :517618.00tonnesOfficial data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :108704.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :47617.00haOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2016 :217268.00hg/haCalculated data
消费数据 古巴
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:21.74kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:14.86kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:26.80kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:17.27kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:26.55kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:24.91kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:22.76kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes

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