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野生马铃薯在墨西哥的存在表明该国处在马铃薯发源地范围之内。但是,一些证据表明该国种植的马铃薯品种很有可能是西班牙入侵者16世纪时带到这里来的。

直到1960年代早期,马铃薯的种植仅仅局限在墨西哥中部火山区海拔高于2000米的旱作地区,年产量大约30万吨,而每公顷产量不到6吨。在此后的20年中,生产扩大到北部和西部的灌溉地区,那里的每公顷产量如今达到40吨。尽管自1980年以来用于马铃薯种植的面积变化不大,1961年之后每公顷平均产量却几乎增加了两倍,2012年总产量达到了创纪录的180万吨。

在墨西哥,马铃薯的年人均消费量是15公斤,与其玉米400公斤的消费量相比算非常低的水平。但是从加拿大和美国进口的马铃薯数量近年来却稳步增长,2006年鲜薯进口量达到6.5万吨,冷冻产品的进口量达到12.2万吨。(来源:国际马铃薯年)
农业数据 墨西哥
Potato Production in 2017 :1715500.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2017 :289505.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :59256.00haOfficial data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :204209.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :77178.00tonnesOfficial data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :3779.00haOfficial data
Potato Production in 2016 :1796810.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 墨西哥
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:14.86kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:0.33kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:16.21kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:0.28kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:13.47kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:0.40kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:14.40kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)

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