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1770年,当探险家詹姆斯•库克(James Cook)宣称澳大利亚东部归属英国领土时,他的船上就有马铃薯,马铃薯的种植始于18年后英国人对澳大利亚的殖民统治。,"马铃薯" 生长在整个澳洲大陆—从南部温带的塔斯马尼亚州到热带的北部昆士兰州。

1960年至1990年期间,澳大利亚马铃薯产量增加了一倍以上,从45万吨增加到120万吨,但此后产量稳定在年均约130万吨。马铃薯块茎是该国最重要的园艺作物,占蔬菜总产量的40%以上。 超过60%的马铃薯被加工成冷冻马铃薯产品和薯片,而鲜薯的销量占比大约37%的。

意大利面和大米等食品的竞争最近削弱了鲜薯市场,据粮农组织估计,在1995年至2005年期间,马铃薯的人均每年消费量从55公斤降到53公斤。
农业数据 澳大利亚
Potato Production in 2017 :1105190.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2017 :389534.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :28372.00haOfficial data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :357159.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :72422.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :2028.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Production in 2016 :1130180.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 澳大利亚
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:49.71kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:1.60kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:54.28kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:1.84kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:52.95kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:1.72kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:64.14kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)

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