20世纪初,德国士兵和比利时传教士将马铃薯带到卢旺达。今天,ibirayi品种(源自uburayi,"意指来自欧洲")是卢旺达仅次于芭蕉的第二大作物,而在撒哈拉以南地区,卢旺达是第三大马铃薯生产国。自1961年以来,卢旺达的马铃薯产量已从不到10万吨增加到2005年的130万吨。2007年的收成仅略微减少。马铃薯在全国几个地区生长良好,这些地区大多在海拔1800米以上。有些地区每年种植两季作物。马铃薯产业大部分是由马铃薯与豆类和玉米间作的小型家庭农场组成,平均每公顷产量约为10吨。

马铃薯支撑着卢旺达的粮食供应。马铃薯的年均消费量非常高,每人每年消费量为125公斤,这使得马铃薯成为继木薯之后第二大卡路里摄入量来源。目前,卢旺达有超过七万名马铃薯种植者,他们归属于30个合作社,在收获季节每月产量超过1.9万吨。
农业数据 卢旺达
Potato Production in 2017 :846184.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :93991.00haOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2017 :90028.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :1078970.00tonnesOfficial data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :184609.00haOfficial data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :58446.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2016 :751284.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 卢旺达
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:99.86kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:71.28kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:100.90kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:72.86kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:101.15kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:71.60kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:99.23kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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