马铃薯是阿富汗的重要商品,国内市场强劲,进出口市场呈季节性波动。阿富汗70%的马铃薯种植在巴米扬省。国际社会的支持改善了马铃薯的贮藏能力,贮藏能力是阿富汗马铃薯市场的主要损失来源。

阿富汗的农业气候条件非常适合优质马铃薯生产。生产集中在九个省:Bamyan,Nangarhar Panjsher,Parwan,Samangan,Sarepul,Takhar,Uruzgan和Wardak,尽管超过70%的产量仅来自Bamyan省。

在阿富汗种植的最受欢迎的马铃薯品种有Safed gul,Be gul,Sabz gul,Sorkh gul(Lavkar),Chandramukhi,Cardinal和Desiree。 Chandramukhi,Lavkar,Cardinal和Desiree是2002年从印度和巴基斯坦进口的外来品种。2003年,国际马铃薯中心(CIP)还在楠格哈尔省引进了三种新的马铃薯品种 — Kufri Jyoti,Kufri Badshah和钻石。

由于有利的条件和对作物病害的成功控制,估计在2014/15年度(4月/ 3月),阿富汗的马铃薯产量将增加3%,即31.2万公吨。与2012 / 13年相比,2013/14年度马铃薯产量增加了32%。据估计,2014/15年度阿富汗马铃薯种植面积将近23500公顷,平均产量为每公顷13.5公吨。巴米扬和楠格哈尔省的产量通常最高,约为每公顷20-22吨。

马铃薯大多是在春季生长在高山峡谷,秋季生长在灌溉土地上的平原。种薯是从春天的山地里马铃薯中获得的,并保留用于秋季播种和随后的春季播种。种薯主要贮藏在手挖地下贮藏区。阿富汗几乎没有冷藏库。然而,近年来国际社会为阿富汗提供了适当的种子生产和贮藏技术培训,一些私营公司在阿富汗建立了种子贮藏库。

资料来源:Agrochart.com(2014)
农业数据 阿富汗
Potato Production in 2017 :513194.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2017 :159794.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :32116.00haOfficial data
Potato Production in 2016 :427917.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2016 :119868.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2016 :35699.00haOfficial data
Potato Production in 2015 :327507.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 阿富汗
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:7.53kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:6.59kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:5.80kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:6.76kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:9.02kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:8.95kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2007:9.86kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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