一位德国移民在1858年将马铃薯引进到埃塞俄比亚。在随后的几十年里,埃塞俄比亚高原地区的农民开始试种这一新的作物,作为谷物歉收时的一种“保障手段”。

在非洲国家中,埃塞俄比亚生产马铃薯的潜力最大:其70%的可耕地(主要是海拔1500米以上的地区)适于种植马铃薯。由于高原地区也是埃塞俄比亚近90%人口的家园,马铃薯可在确保国家粮食安全方面发挥关键作用。

目前,马铃薯依然被广泛地视为次级作物,人均消费量仅仅为5公斤。但是马铃薯的种植正在稳步扩增。据粮农组织估计,其马铃薯产量已经从1993年的28万吨增加到2007年的大约52.5万吨。
农业数据 埃塞俄比亚
Potato Production in 2017 :932701.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Yield in 2017 :137993.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :67591.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :2008290.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :246503.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :81471.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2016 :921403.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 埃塞俄比亚
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:14.40kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:6.65kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:12.92kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:7.67kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:4.36kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:3.81kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:8.45kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
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