尽管在16世纪末或17世纪初马铃薯便开始在印度次大陆种植,但1947年巴基斯坦建国时,马铃薯的种植面积仅有数千公顷,年产量不到3万吨。

在独立后的数十年里,马铃薯成为该国增长最快的主粮作物。由于种植面积和平均单产大幅度增加(均受益于灌溉),1995年至2007年期间的产量从100万吨提高到破纪录的260多万吨。

最新的(2017)农业数据显示,马铃薯种植面积为17.03万公顷,总产量为大约4百万吨。马铃薯种植主要集中在旁遮普省,全国超过95%的马铃薯产量来自于此。其他也种植马铃薯的省份包括开伯尔-普赫图赫瓦省、俾路支省和信德省。

除了北方的一些自给性生产者外,大多数巴基斯坦农民的产品是用来供应城区的市场、而非用于家庭消费,而且马铃薯已经成为农村收入的一大重要来源。

巴基斯坦的马铃薯消费量呈现上升趋势,年人均消费量从10年前的10公斤左右增加到如今的超过15公斤。

对巴基斯坦马铃薯种植的地理分布的印象(图片由CIP提供)

农业数据 巴基斯坦
Potato Production in 2017 :4142400.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Yield in 2017 :225178.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :183961.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :80117.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :13352.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :1667.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Production in 2016 :4000360.00tonnesFAO data (imputation)
消费数据 巴基斯坦
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:15.33kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:0.08kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:14.46kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:0.08kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:14.36kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:0.07kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:14.11kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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