19世纪早期,马铃薯被引入朝鲜半岛,可能是从中国引进的。1910年至1945年日本占领朝鲜半岛期间,马铃薯取代出口到日本的大米成为主要作物,并在第二次世界大战期间拯救了许多农场家庭,使他们免于饥饿。

马铃薯仍然是朝鲜重要的粮食安全作物。2007年,马铃薯产量估计为190万吨,使朝鲜成为亚洲十大马铃薯生产国之一。

自1960年以来,马铃薯种植面积从3.6万公顷增加到近20万公顷,而马铃薯产量在过去十年中增加了四倍。

然而,农民种植的马铃薯平均产量几乎没有超过1960年的水平,主要是由于农业投入不够和缺少脱毒种薯。为了促进生产,政府正在推动马铃薯种植革命,其中包括低投入的马铃薯与水稻复种模式的创新,在相对较短的生长季节,每公顷可产出32吨马铃薯和大米。
农业数据 朝鲜民主主义人民共和国
Potato Production in 2017 :1770000.00tonnesUnofficial figure
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :157569.00haOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2017 :112332.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :442500.00tonnesUnofficial figure
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :127448.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :34720.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Production in 2016 :1698510.00tonnesFAO data (imputation)
消费数据 朝鲜民主主义人民共和国
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:49.02kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:14.13kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:47.62kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:11.97kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:48.21kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:13.90kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:47.04kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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