马铃薯是16世纪末引入德国的,在接下来的200年里,马铃薯的种植几乎完全是用作动物饲料。但是,在18世纪70年代一场严重的饥荒之后,德国的君主——尤其是普鲁士大帝弗雷德里克也将这种块茎作为主粮予以推广。

如今,德国是世界第七大和西欧最大的马铃薯生产国,2007年的产量略高于1160万吨。即便如此,自1960年以来德国的马铃薯产量持续稳步下降,当时的产量接近3300万吨,马铃薯种植面积占全部可耕地的10%,而现在所占比例不足3%。

德国是马铃薯的主要加工国和出口国。在2005年,德国加工了650万吨马铃薯,包括330万吨被转化成马铃薯淀粉,另外出口了130万吨鲜薯和200万吨(初级产品当量)加工产品。它还是早熟马铃薯的主要进口国(2005年的进口量将近55万吨,主要来自法国、意大利和埃及)。(来源:国际马铃薯年)
农业数据 德国
Potato Production in 2017 :11720000.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Production in 2017 :8950000.00tonnesExcluding seed and starch; Estimate
Potato Yield in 2017 :500000.00hg/haExcluding seed and starch; Estimate
Potato Yield in 2017 :467864.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :250500.00haOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :179000.00haExcluding seed and starch; Estimate
Potato Production in 2016 :10772100.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 德国
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:70.70kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:62.06kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:70.33kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:69.79kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2007:70.86kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2006:63.58kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2005:65.94kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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