1538年,当今哥伦比亚中部山脉的一位西班牙游客注意到当地人种植了"一种土地里的松露"这可能是马铃薯。事实上,哥伦比亚位于安第斯山脉马铃薯起源和驯化中心的北部边缘。

尽管"土地里的松露"对于哥伦比亚的许多小农来说仍然是一种维持生计的作物,它也是安第斯地区最大的商业马铃薯产业的焦点。2000年,马铃薯产量超过280万吨,主要原因是每公顷产量约17吨,远高于玻利维亚、厄瓜多尔和秘鲁的产量。自那以后,收获面积从17万公顷减少到11万公顷,2007年的产量为190万公吨。

马铃薯主要生长在中科迪勒拉和东科迪勒拉山脉海拔1800米至2300米的地方。自20世纪90年代以来,马铃薯加工量迅速增加,占总收成的12%至14%。 (来源:国际马铃薯年)
农业数据 哥伦比亚
Potato Production in 2017 :2819030.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Yield in 2017 :189120.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :149060.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Production in 2016 :2354860.00tonnesFAO data (imputation)
Potato Yield in 2016 :193147.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2016 :121920.00haFAO data (imputation)
Potato Production in 2015 :2582150.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 哥伦比亚
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:33.45kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:29.21kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:27.38kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:30.29kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:37.32kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:39.38kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2007:47.58kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Help