有关尼泊尔马铃薯的首次记录要追溯到1793年。尽管马铃薯在此之后的180年里一直是相对次要的作物,一些研究人员表示,马铃薯早早地引入到高海拔的喜马拉雅山区促进了尼泊尔北部佛教文明的崛起。

在1970年代,一项以改善马铃薯种薯质量为重点的国家马铃薯发展计划促进了种植面积和产量的迅速增长,产量从1975年的30万吨增加到2006年197万吨的创纪录水平。如今马铃薯在尼泊尔已成为仅次于水稻的第二大主粮作物。自1990年以来,人均消费量几乎翻了一番,达到每年51公斤。

在尼泊尔,从海拔在100米以下的南部到海拔高达4000米的北部山区,马铃薯都被广泛种植。这种块茎作物尤其受到高山地区(大约1800至3000米)农民的青睐:它的产量比水稻和玉米高,而且凉爽的气候很适合生产供低海拔地区使用的种薯。
农业数据 尼泊尔
Potato Production in 2017 :2691040.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :194115.00haOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2017 :138631.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2016 :2805580.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2016 :199971.00haOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2016 :140299.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2015 :2586290.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 尼泊尔
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:80.56kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:0.01kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:77.01kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:0.00kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:75.14kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:0.00kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:75.48kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Help