马铃薯可能是由17世纪初在长崎建立飞地的荷兰商人带到日本的。但是这种块茎的广泛种植却是在19世纪后期才开始,当时它才被证实很适应北海道北部的凉爽夏季。

如今,北海道仍然是日本最大的马铃薯生产地区,占国内产量的大约80%。北海道的农业规模相对来说较大,天气也凉爽,这为马铃薯种植提供了适宜条件。

第二大种植区域是九州,位于日本四大岛屿的最南端,占8.6%。

九州6月便开始早期收获,而北海道的收获季节9月才开始。

除了最近几十年产量的稳步下降,消费方式也从家庭制作转向马铃薯加工产品,如薯片和炸薯条。日本食用的大部分冷冻马铃薯产品都是进口的,尽管大量的薯片是由进口的马铃薯制成的。

日本冷冻薯条食用量;日本境内食用的90%的冷冻薯条都是进口的
(来源:美国对外农业服务局FAS / 日本冷冻食品协会)



日本进口的冷冻薯条来源地
(来源:美国对外农业服务局FAS / 全球贸易地图集)

农业数据 日本
Potato Production in 2017 :2150920.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Yield in 2017 :292708.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :73483.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :807100.00tonnesOfficial data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :226713.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :35600.00haOfficial data
Potato Production in 2016 :2158000.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 日本
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:20.84kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:6.49kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:20.33kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:6.41kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:21.13kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:7.57kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:22.30kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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