20世纪初,马铃薯由定居在塞内加尔的欧洲人首次引入该国的。随着时间的推移,塞内加尔的生产商逐渐掌握了马铃薯种植的相应知识和专业技能,也由此成为达喀尔、吕菲斯克、捷斯和圣路易斯市场的主要蔬菜供应商。

在千禧年之际,塞内加尔推出了马铃薯生产发展战略,以减少该国对欧洲进口马铃薯的依赖,但这一战略受到供应链和合适种薯不足的限制。塞内加尔政府意识到这一点后,开始投资购买优质种薯。

塞内加尔的大部分马铃薯都是种植在 Niayes 地区,这是一片沿着塞内加尔河三角洲、从达喀尔延伸至圣路易斯的海滨地带,为马铃薯种植提供有利的天气条件。水的供应仍然是限制马铃薯种植的主要因素。生产季是在10月到4月之间。塞内加尔有两个马铃薯生产周期:从10月到12月的早期种植,以及从1月到4月的晚期种植。虽然产量水平取决于农场规模、水供应和管理,但每公顷土地的马铃薯平均产量可达25-30吨。

虽然大多数马铃薯是通过收集者群体进行交易,但迷你马铃薯(grenaille)由农民直接在当地市场里进行销售。
农业数据 塞内加尔
Potato Yield in 2017 :224818.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2017 :118783.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :5284.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :361773.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :40983.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :1133.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Yield in 2016 :220141.00hg/haCalculated data
消费数据 塞内加尔
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:6.35kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:2.59kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:6.36kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:4.59kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:6.92kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:4.05kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:5.88kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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