马铃薯于1850年由居住在该国高山地区的欧洲人引入斯里兰卡。

目前马铃薯在该国努沃勒埃利耶(Nuwara Eliya)(山区湿润地带,平均海拔> 1000米)广泛种植, 种植季节主要为两季,2月 至7月种植Yala,8月至12月种植Maha,年降雨量> 2,500 mm,气温在10-15℃之间,相对湿度为80%。 马铃薯也广泛种植在巴杜勒(Badulla)(内地平均海拔为1000至1500米的地方),分别在Yala和Maha品种生长的季节,种植在稻田和高地。该地区每年降雨量为1500 - 2250 mm,相对湿度为占70%,气温在15-22℃之间。

Puttlam和Jaffna是另外两个马铃薯种植面积较少的地区。

因其高净收益,马铃薯是内地农民最受欢迎的作物。
农业数据 斯里兰卡
Potato Yield in 2017 :164591.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2017 :73358.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :4457.00haOfficial data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :107483.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :40693.00tonnesOfficial data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :3786.00haOfficial data
Potato Production in 2016 :415300.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 斯里兰卡
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:8.36kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:1.76kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:7.65kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:1.44kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:8.07kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:1.58kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:7.75kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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