马铃薯的栽培技术估计是由刚果的传教士在20世纪初引入乌干达的。到20世纪中叶,这一块茎作物被广泛种植在该国气候凉爽的高原地区——实际上,在某些地区,这种作物生长非常茂盛,以至于被视为一种杂草。

在20世纪60年代,乌干达农业部启动了马铃薯开发计划,使平均产量提高到每公顷10吨。在20世纪70年代,马铃薯产量突破35万吨,但在随后十年的普遍内乱期间则出现大幅下滑。

自1990年以来,马铃薯生产得到恢复,从22.4万吨上升到2007年创记录的65万吨。在同一时期,马铃薯的种植面积增加了两倍,达到大约9万公顷。该国几乎有一半的收成来自实行集约化生产的卡巴莱高地,其海拔高度在2000米以上,位于坎帕拉西南约400千米处。
农业数据 乌干达
Potato Production in 2017 :165000.00tonnesFAO estimate
Potato Yield in 2017 :41985.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :39300.00haFAO estimate
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :1656980.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :391974.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :42273.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2016 :169490.00tonnesFAO data (imputation)
消费数据 乌干达
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:61.76kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:14.95kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:70.98kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:14.14kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:71.54kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:14.27kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:72.40kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
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