据说19世纪初期,英国的一位大使John Malcolm爵士将马铃薯传入波斯王室。有一段时间,这种块茎作物被称为“Malcolm李子”,但今天的伊朗人则称其为“地下苹果”。

伊朗是世界排名第12的马铃薯生产国,在亚洲名列第四,仅次于中国、印度和孟加拉国。自1961年以来,产量增长了15倍多。在2007年,该国农民收成达到520万吨——有史以来最好成绩,平均每公顷产量超过25吨。马铃薯是伊朗主要农业出口产品之一,2005年的总装运量大约为16.6万吨。

大多数马铃薯是在灌溉条件下与小麦、蔬菜、甜菜进行轮作,每三年或四年休耕一次,主要产区在里海南岸周围、扎格罗斯山脉以及南部低地。

食用品质绝佳的传统品种仍在北部山区继续种植。
农业数据 伊朗
Potato Production in 2017 :5102340.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Yield in 2017 :317109.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :160902.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Production in 2016 :5164890.00tonnesFAO data (imputation)
Potato Yield in 2016 :319272.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2016 :161771.00haFAO data (imputation)
Potato Production in 2015 :5140620.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 伊朗
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:60.97kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:45.66kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:47.86kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:52.38kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2007:49.39kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2006:47.78kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2005:57.12kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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