马铃薯在16世纪末来到联合王国,并于1597年开始在伦敦种植。这种新的作物很快地在爱尔兰扎根,但在英格兰和苏格兰却未能如此。

目前英国马铃薯批发价格

在18和19世纪的工业革命期间,城镇和新劳动阶层的兴起形成了对廉价、高热能和非谷物食品的需求,这时马铃薯在英国才得到发展。其他的就众人皆知了。到了1948年,英格兰和威尔士的马铃薯产量达到高峰,种植面积将近40万公顷。

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英国马铃薯种植(种薯和商品马铃薯)的地理分布(来源:马铃薯委员会)

自1960年以来,收获面积已经减半,注册的马铃薯种植者从7万名减少至只有3000名。即便如此,英国2007年的产量达 560万吨、平均每公顷产量超过40吨,仍名列马铃薯生产国的第11位。

年人均马铃薯消费量为102公斤,需求量超过国内供应量;2005年,英国进口了超过120万吨(原料当量)的马铃薯加工产品。(来源:国际马铃薯年)
农业数据 英国
Potato Production in 2017 :6218000.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Production in 2017 :4751000.00tonnesExcluding seed and starch; Estimate; Great Britain Only
Potato Yield in 2017 :460000.00hg/haEcluding seed and starch; Estimate; Great Britain Only
Potato Yield in 2017 :425890.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :146000.00haOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :103200.00haEcluding seed and starch; Estimate; Great Britain Only
Potato Production in 2016 :5373000.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 英国
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:100.84kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:99.14kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:104.41kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:104.85kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2007:106.42kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2006:107.24kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2005:114.34kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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