马铃薯在越南曾一直是非主流的蔬菜作物,直到20世纪70年代,当时人口增长、每年台风破坏粮食作物,这激励着农民们利用11月至2月的旱季来种植马铃薯。

他们采用生长周期更短的水稻品种,腾出了时间来种植马铃薯。当时马铃薯的种植大幅增加。

红河三角洲正是大部分马铃薯种植的低地区。在可以进行灌溉的旱季,马铃薯可以在继大米之后种植在红河三角洲地区的水稻田里。高产量、早成熟的水稻品种使得8个月内收获两季水稻作物成为可能,剩下冬季的4个月可以用来种植马铃薯。通常作物轮转是春季种水稻,早秋种水稻和马铃薯。冬季从10月到12月种植作物。1月至2月期间,红河三角洲地区种植春季作物来获取11和12月种完水稻之后要用的种子,这一期间的产量占到马铃薯生产的绝大部分。

少量的马铃薯也有在大叻市的高地全年种植,这里靠近胡志明市且海拔比平均海平面高出1300米,此外还有北部多山地区的一些小地方有全年种植马铃薯。
农业数据 越南
Potato Production in 2017 :303675.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2017 :148276.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :20480.00haOfficial data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :1352520.00tonnesOfficial data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :121634.00haOfficial data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :111195.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2016 :302229.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 越南
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:4.91kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:3.85kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:5.19kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:4.83kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:5.05kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:3.91kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:5.08kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
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