La patata es originaria de América del Sur, pero la región tiene el nivel más bajo de producción de patata del mundo, con menos de 16 millones de toneladas en 2007.

La patata sigue siendo un cultivo tradicional para los pequeños agricultores de la región andina, donde se cultiva junto con especies de patatas desconocidas en otros lugares.

En otros países - Argentina, Brasil y Colombia - la producción de Solanum tuberosum por parte de los cultivadores comerciales a gran escala está aumentando.
Estadísticas Agricolas Sudamérica
Potato Production in 2017 :16979200.00tonnesAggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :935598.00haAggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Potato Yield in 2017 :181479.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :1549770.00tonnesAggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :137002.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :113121.00haAggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Potato Production in 2016 :15503000.00tonnesAggregated Data
Estadísticas de Consumo Sudamérica
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:29.65kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:2.35kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:28.33kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:2.16kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:28.03kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:2.12kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:28.16kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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