虽然西部的阿根廷位于野生马铃薯的原产地,但是证据显示那里的马铃薯生产可以追溯到19世纪70年代,当时种植的2400公顷马铃薯几乎肯定是从欧洲进口的。如今,马铃薯生产规模庞大,机械化程度很高,集中在布宜诺斯艾利斯和圣达菲附近。

在过去50年中,阿根廷的马铃薯产量变化很小:2007年的190万吨的产量仅略低于1961年的产量。实际上,自20世纪60年代初以来,全国的产量平均约为200万吨,偶尔才会出现巅峰产量(如1998年产量达到340万时)。2005年人均每年马铃薯消费量约44公斤,这一消费水平自1990年以来几乎没有变化。

出现显着变化的是单位产量。随着种植面积的稳定下降(从1961年的20万公顷到2007年的约6.8万公顷),每公顷产量增加了两倍多,达到近30吨。2005年,阿根廷出口了3.3 万吨马铃薯和4000吨马铃薯粉。(来源:国际马铃薯年)
农业数据 阿根廷
Potato Production in 2011 :2126790.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Yield in 2011 :297453.00Hg/HaCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2011 :71500.00HaFAO estimate
Potato Seed in 2011 :64800.00tonnesCalculated data
Potato Price at Producer in 2011 :97.70USD/tonneOfficial data
Potato Processed in 2011 :0.00tonnesStandardized data
Potato Production in 2010 :1996040.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
消费数据 阿根廷
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 1990:41.67kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 1990:8.20kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 1989:58.08kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 1989:8.92kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 1988:78.22kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 1988:13.40kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 1987:57.36kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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