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2017年的全球马铃薯总产量预计为3亿8819.1万吨(来源:FAOSTAT,2019)

全球马铃薯产业正在发生重大改变。

20世纪90年代早期以前,大部分马铃薯的种植和食用都是在欧洲、北美和前苏联国家。

自那时起,亚洲、非洲和拉丁美洲的马铃薯产量和需求急剧增加,产量从20世纪60年代初的不足3000万吨增加到2007年的1.65亿吨。

联合国粮农组织(FAO)数据显示,在2005年,发展中国家的马铃薯产量首次超过发达国家。

中国现在是最大的马铃薯生产国,全球几乎三分之一的马铃薯都是在中国和印度收获的。
 

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马铃薯都种在哪里?世界各地马铃薯种植的地理分布(来源:RTB Maps)

Top 25 Potato Producing Countries
RankNamePotato Production in 2017 in tonnes
1
中 国
99205600.00
2
印度
48605000.00
3
俄罗斯联邦
29590000.00
4
乌克兰
22208200.00
5
美国
20017400.00
6
德国
11720000.00
7
孟加拉
10216000.00
8
波兰
9171730.00
9
德国
8950000.00
10
荷兰
7391880.00
11
法国
7342200.00
12
白俄罗斯
6414760.00
13
英国
6218000.00
14
法国
6121000.00
15
伊朗
5102340.00
16
比利时
5035000.00
17
土耳其
4800000.00
18
秘鲁
4776290.00
19
英国
4751000.00
20
阿尔及利亚
4606400.00
21
比利时
4416660.00
22
加拿大
4410830.00
23
埃及
4325480.00
24
巴基斯坦
4142400.00
25
荷兰
4078000.00
Agricultural Statistics 世界
Potato Production in 2017 :388191000.00tonnesAggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :19302600.00haAggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Potato Yield in 2017 :201108.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :112835000.00tonnesAggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :9202780.00haAggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :122610.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2016 :376827000.00tonnesAggregated Data
Consumption Statistics World
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:34.64kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:7.97kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:33.76kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:8.01kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:32.97kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:8.22kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:33.29kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)

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