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The Potato Sector
The potato has been essential to the diet of Peruvians for millennia. Archaeological evidence indicates that potato was cultivated in the Peruvian Andes 8 000 years ago, and recent research suggests the potato's centre of origin lies in Peru, just north of Lake Titicaca. Today, Peru's farmers cultivate four species of potato - Solanum tuberosum plus three other species exclusive to the Andes.

Peru is also Latin America's biggest potato producer, with a record harvest in 2007 of almost 3.4 million tonnes.

Top potato producing regions in Peru are Huánuco, Huancavelica, Junín, Apurímac, Ayacucho and Arequipa.

Annual consumption in Peru is a high 80 kg per capita. The potato is produced mainly by small farmers, at altitudes of from 2 500 m to 4 500 m in the central Andes, while a smaller area in coastal valleys is devoted to irrigated commercial production.

The great genetic diversity found in Peruvian potatoes is considered "under threat" from new commercial varieties that are often grown to satisfy urban consumer preferences. To help conserve the country's rich potato heritage, the Government of Peru created in July 2008 a national register of Peruvian native potato varieties. (Source: International Year of the Potato)

Agricultural Statistics Peru

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Potato Production in 2016: 4,400,300.00 tonnes Official data
Potato Area Harvested in 2016: 310,698.00 ha Official data
Potato Yield in 2016: 141,626.00 hg/ha Calculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2016: 269,670.00 tonnes Official data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2016: 178,104.00 hg/ha Calculated data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2016: 15,141.00 ha Official data
Potato Production in 2015: 4,704,980.00 tonnes Official data

Consumption Statistics Peru


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Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013: 82.50 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Sweet Potatoes, Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013: 7.02 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012: 80.85 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Sweet Potatoes, Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012: 7.35 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011: 81.08 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Sweet Potatoes, Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011: 7.55 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010: 77.92 kg/capita/year Calculated data