Food Innovation Online Corp

You are here

The Potato Sector
The potato reached India in the late 16th and early 17th centuries, most likely aboard ships from Portugal. Today, India ranks as the world's third largest potato producing nation, with production in 2007 of around 26 million tonnes.

Between 1960 and 2000, potato production increased by almost 850 percent, partly in response to growing demand from higher-income urban populations. Since 1990, per capita consumption has risen from around 12 kg to 17 kg a year.

In India, the aloo is not primarily a rural staple but a cash crop that provides significant income for farmers: the value of the 2005 harvest is estimated at $3.6 billion and exports totaled about 80 000 tonnes that year.

(Click to enlarge)

Regional distribution of potato cultivation in India (CIP, World Potato Atlas)

Potato varieties suited to the country's climate - hot summers and short winters - are grown on the Indo-Gangetic plain during the short winter days from October to March, while some year-round production takes place in relatively high altitude areas in the south.

India's top potato growing states - states counting for more than 1% of the national production, shown below - are included in PotatoPro as a separate region.

Top Potato Producing States India


Source: Horticulture Statistics Division, Government of India (Retrieval Date: September 16, 2018)

Rank State 2017 Potato Production in tonnes Percentage of Production India
1 Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh 14,755,000 30.40 %
2 West Bengal West Bengal 12,652,500 26.07 %
3 Bihar Bihar 5,719,500 11.79 %
4 Gujarat Gujarat 3,835,790 7.90 %
5 Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh 3,144,010 6.48 %
6 Punjab Punjab 2,571,040 5.30 %
7 Assam Assam 1,072,780 2.21 %
8 Haryana Haryana 813,800 1.68 %
9 Jharkhand Jharkhand 688,660 1.42 %
10 Chhattisgarh Chhattisgarh 683,920 1.41 %
11 Karnataka Karnataka 465,650 0.96 %

Reports

Agricultural Statistics India

Try turning your phone! More...
Potato Production in 2016: 43,770,000.00 tonnes Official data
Potato Area Harvested in 2016: 2,130,000.00 ha Official data
Potato Yield in 2016: 205,493.00 hg/ha Calculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2016: 1,472,000.00 tonnes Official data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2016: 130,000.00 ha Official data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2016: 113,231.00 hg/ha Calculated data
Potato Production in 2015: 48,009,000.00 tonnes Official data

Consumption Statistics India


Try turning your phone! More...
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013: 24.40 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Sweet Potatoes, Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013: 0.86 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012: 24.14 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Sweet Potatoes, Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012: 0.82 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011: 23.27 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Sweet Potatoes, Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011: 0.81 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010: 21.63 kg/capita/year Calculated data