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The Potato Sector
Although the potato was grown in South America for millennia, the first potato patch in North America was only planted in 1719, in New Hampshire (the first french fries were served at the White House during the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson some 80 years later).

In 2007, the United States harvested 19.9 million tonnes of potatoes, making it the world's fifth biggest producer. Potatoes in the United States are grown in nearly every state, although about half of the crop comes from Idaho, Washington, Wisconsin, North Dakota, Colorado, Oregon, Maine, Minnesota, California and Michigan. Most potatoes are harvested in September and October (fall).

Only about one third of US potatoes is consumed fresh. Around 60 percent of annual output is processed into frozen products (such as frozen french fries and wedges), chips, dehydrated potato granules and flakes and starch, while 6 percent is re-used as seed potato.

Each American eats more than 55 kg of potatoes every year. However, fresh potato consumption has declined from more than 22 kg per person in 1993 to just under 16 kg in 2014.

United States Department of Agriculture Potato Reports


AMS Reports: National Weekly and Daily Potato Shipments


NASS Reports: National Seasonal Snapshots and Statistics covering potatoes


Current FOB Shipping Point Prices for Potatoes are reported at State level where available

Top Potato Producing States


Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) (Retrieval Date: September 16, 2018)

Rank State 2017 Potato Production in (000) cwt % from total US Production
1 Idaho Idaho 134,850 30.51 %
2 华盛顿州 Washington 99,220 22.45 %
3 威斯康星州 Wisconsin 28,475 6.44 %
4 北达科他州 North Dakota 24,420 5.52 %
5 俄勒冈州 Oregon 21,395 4.84 %
6 科罗拉多州 Colorado 21,220 4.80 %
7 明尼苏达州 Minnesota 18,428 4.17 %
8 密歇根州 Michigan 17,205 3.89 %
9 Калифорния California 15,936 3.61 %
10 缅因州 Maine 15,200 3.44 %

Agricultural Statistics United States

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Potato Production in 2017: 20,017,400.00 tonnes Official data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017: 1,024,900.00 acres All seasons
Potato Yield in 2017: 482,334.00 hg/ha Calculated data
Potato Production in 2017: 442,034.00 (000) cwt All seasons
Potato Area Harvested in 2017: 415,010.00 ha Official data
Potato Seed in 2017: 24,673.00 (000) cwt All seasons
Potato Yield in 2017: 431.00 cwt/acre All seasons

Consumption Statistics United States

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Item-consumption: translated
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2014: 111.20 lbs/capita/year Preliminary Potatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Potatoes (Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2014: 76.70 lbs/capita/year Preliminary Potatoes (Processed)
Potatoes (Frozen), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2014: 47.50 lbs/capita/year Preliminary Potatoes (Frozen)
Potatoes (Fresh), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2014: 34.40 lbs/capita/year Preliminary Potatoes (Fresh)
Potatoes (Chipped), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2014: 17.00 lbs/capita/year Preliminary Potatoes (Chipped)
Potatoes (Dehydrated), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2014: 11.70 lbs/capita/year Preliminary Potatoes (Dehydrated)
Potatoes (Canned), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2014: 0.50 lbs/capita/year Preliminary Potatoes (Canned)