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United States United States

The Potato Sector
Although the potato was grown in South America for millennia, the first potato patch in North America was only planted in 1719, in New Hampshire (the first french fries were served at the White House during the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson some 80 years later).

In 2007, the United States harvested 19.9 million tonnes of potatoes, making it the world's fifth biggest producer. Potatoes in the United States are grown in nearly every state, although about half of the crop comes from Idaho, Washington, Wisconsin, North Dakota, Colorado, Oregon, Maine, Minnesota, California and Michigan. Most potatoes are harvested in September and October (fall).

Only about one third of US potatoes is consumed fresh. Around 60 percent of annual output is processed into frozen products (such as frozen french fries and wedges), chips, dehydrated potato granules and flakes and starch, while 6 percent is re-used as seed potato.

Each American eats more than 55 kg of potatoes every year. However, fresh potato consumption has declined from more than 22 kg per person in 1993 to just under 16 kg in 2014.

United States Department of Agriculture Potato Reports


AMS Reports: National Weekly and Daily Potato Shipments


NASS Reports: National Seasonal Snapshots and Statistics covering potatoes


Current FOB Shipping Point Prices for Potatoes are reported at State level where available

Top Potato Producing States


Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) (Retrieval Date: September 16, 2018)

Rank State 2017 Potato Production in (000) cwt % from total US Production
1 Idaho Idaho 134,850 30.51 %
2 Washington Washington 99,220 22.45 %
3 Wisconsin Wisconsin 28,475 6.44 %
4 North Dakota North Dakota 24,420 5.52 %
5 Oregon Oregon 21,395 4.84 %
6 Colorado Colorado 21,220 4.80 %
7 Minnesota Minnesota 18,428 4.17 %
8 Michigan Michigan 17,205 3.89 %
9 California California 15,936 3.61 %
10 Maine Maine 15,200 3.44 %

Agricultural Statistics United States

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Potato Area Harvested in 2017: 1,024,900.00 acres All seasons
Potato Production in 2017: 442,034.00 (000) cwt All seasons
Potato Seed in 2017: 24,673.00 (000) cwt All seasons
Potato Yield in 2017: 431.00 cwt/acre All seasons
Potato Price at Producer in 2017: 9.10 USD/cwt All seasons
Potato Production in 2016: 19,991,000.00 tonnes Official data
Potato Area Harvested in 2016: 1,018,300.00 acres All Seasons

Consumption Statistics United States


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Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2014: 111.20 lbs/capita/year Preliminary
Potatoes (Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2014: 76.70 lbs/capita/year Preliminary
Potatoes (Frozen), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2014: 47.50 lbs/capita/year Preliminary
Potatoes (Fresh), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2014: 34.40 lbs/capita/year Preliminary
Potatoes (Chipped), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2014: 17.00 lbs/capita/year Preliminary
Potatoes (Dehydrated), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2014: 11.70 lbs/capita/year Preliminary
Potatoes (Canned), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2014: 0.50 lbs/capita/year Preliminary