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The Potato Sector
Potatoes were first grown by settlers in New Brunswick, on Canada's Atlantic coast, as early as the mid-1600s. Today, Canada ranks as the world's 13th largest potato grower, with 2007 output of almost five million tonnes. The potato accounts for one third of all vegetable farm cash receipts, or $846 million in 2007, making it Canada's most important horticultural crop.

Since the early 1990s, Canadian potato production has expanded to meet international demand for frozen potato products. In 2006-07, Canada shipped 970 000 tonnes of frozen French fries to foreign markets, making it the second largest French fry exporter after the Netherlands. In the same period, it exported 120 000 tonnes of seed potatoes valued at $38 million (Canada is the fifth largest seed potato exporter in the world) and 470 000 tonnes of table potatoes worth $140 million.

Potatoes account for about 36 percent of all fresh and processed vegetables consumed in Canada. Despite the potato’s popularity, however, total consumption has declined from 76 kg per person in 1994 to 65 kg in 2007.

Potato Production in Canada

Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM database, accessed July 18, 2014

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Seeded (acres) 357000 360500 373154 355338 348221
Harvested (acres) 344000 348800 367109 351343 ..
Yield (cwt per harvested acres) 282.4 264.8 274.4 292.4 ..
Production (cwt x 1,000) 97153 92372 100741 102736 ..
Amount sold, consumed, etc. (cwt x 1,000) 93355 89085 94578 .. ..
Farm price (CAD per cwt) 11.57 12.2 11.84 .. ..
Total farm value (CAD x 1,000) 1080153 1086795 1120019 .. ..

Contribution by Province

Ranked by Seeded potato area (acres)
Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM database, accessed July 18, 2014

2013 2014 Change
Canada Total 355338 348221 -2.0

1 Prince Edward Island 89000 90500 1.7
2 Manitoba 70000 63384 -9.5
3 Alberta 52483 53334 1.6
4 New Brunswick 48000 47584 -0.9
5 Quebec 42255 43243 2.3
6 Ontario 38000 35500 -6.6
7 Saskatchewan 7000 6531 -6.7
8 British Columbia 6200 6169 -0.5
9 Nova Scotia 1900 1500 -21.1
10 Newfoundland and Labrador 500 NA NA

For additional details on a Province, visit the Province page

Consumption Statistics

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Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011: 78.37 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010: 81.55 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009: 72.73 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008: 63.01 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2007: 69.51 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2006: 76.80 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2005: 78.63 kg/capita/year Calculated data

Agricultural Statistics

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Potato Area Planted in 2016: 342,602.00 acres
Potato Area Planted in 2015: 348,807.00 acres
Potato Area Harvested in 2015: 343,446.00 acres
Potato Production in 2015: 105,382.00 (000) cwt
Potato Yield in 2015: 306.80 cwt/acre
Potato Area Harvested in 2014: 343,662.00 acres
Potato Production in 2014: 101,983.00 (000) cwt