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The Potato Sector
Potatoes were first grown by settlers in New Brunswick, on Canada's Atlantic coast, as early as the mid-1600s. Today, Canada ranks as the world's 13th largest potato grower, with 2007 output of almost five million tonnes. The potato accounts for one third of all vegetable farm cash receipts, or $846 million in 2007, making it Canada's most important horticultural crop.

Since the early 1990s, Canadian potato production has expanded to meet international demand for frozen potato products. In 2006-07, Canada shipped 970 000 tonnes of frozen French fries to foreign markets, making it the second largest French fry exporter after the Netherlands. In the same period, it exported 120 000 tonnes of seed potatoes valued at $38 million (Canada is the fifth largest seed potato exporter in the world) and 470 000 tonnes of table potatoes worth $140 million.

Potatoes account for about 36 percent of all fresh and processed vegetables consumed in Canada. Despite the potato’s popularity, however, total consumption has declined from 76 kg per person in 1994 to 65 kg in 2007.

Potato Production in Canada

Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM database, accessed September 15, 2018

20142015201620172018
Seeded (acres)341335345263346417345817347416
Harvested (acres)336957339901341309342218..
Yield (cwt per harvested acres)299.10308.60309.70310.70..
Production (cwt x 1,000)100772104907105716106311..

Potato Acreage by Province

Ranked by Seeded potato area (acres)
Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM database, accessed September 15, 2018

20172018Change
Canada Total345,817347,416+ 0.46 %

1Prince Edward Island84,20084,000- 0.2 %
2Manitoba62,90064,100+ 1.9 %
3Alberta53,57055,410+ 3.4 %
4New Brunswick51,70053,000+ 2.5 %
5Quebec42,99642,255 - 1.7 %
6Ontario35,40034,000- 4.0 %
7Saskatchewan6,5006,000- 7.7 %
8British Columbia6,5006,800+ 4.6 %
9Nova Scotia1,7001,500- 12 %
10Newfoundland and Labrador350350 + 0 %

For additional details on a Province, visit the Province page

Top Potato Producing Provinces


Source: Statistics Canada (Retrieval Date: September 16, 2018)

Rank Province 2017 Potato Production in (000) cwt Percentage of Production Canada
1 Prins Edwardeiland Prince Edward Island 23,664 22.26 %
2 Manitoba Manitoba 22,200 20.88 %
3 Альберта Alberta 20,507 19.29 %
4 New Brunswick New Brunswick 15,159 14.26 %
5 Quebéc Quebec 13,007 12.23 %
6 安大略省 Ontario 7,830 7.37 %
7 Британская Колумбия British Columbia 1,824 1.72 %
8 萨斯喀彻温省 Saskatchewan 1,625 1.53 %
9 Nova Scotia Nova Scotia 432 0.41 %
10 Newfoundland en Labrador Newfoundland and Labrador 63 0.06 %

Agricultural Statistics Canada

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Potato Area Planted in 2018: 347,416.00 acres
Potato Production in 2017: 4,410,830.00 tonnes FAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Area Planted in 2017: 345,817.00 acres
Potato Area Harvested in 2017: 342,218.00 acres
Potato Area Harvested in 2017: 342,218.00 ha Official data; [PP believes unit is incorrect!]
Potato Yield in 2017: 128,889.00 hg/ha Calculated data [PP believes this number is incorrect, due to unit error in acreage]
Potato Production in 2017: 106,311.00 (000) cwt

Consumption Statistics Canada

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Item-consumption: translated
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011: 78.37 kg/capita/year Calculated data Potatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes, Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011: 1.52 kg/capita/year Calculated data Sweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010: 81.55 kg/capita/year Calculated data Potatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes, Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010: 1.51 kg/capita/year Calculated data Sweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009: 72.73 kg/capita/year Calculated data Potatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes, Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009: 1.02 kg/capita/year Calculated data Sweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008: 63.01 kg/capita/year Calculated data Potatoes (Fresh and Processed)