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The Potato Sector
Potatoes were first grown by settlers in New Brunswick, on Canada's Atlantic coast, as early as the mid-1600s. Today, Canada ranks as the world's 13th largest potato grower, with 2007 output of almost five million tonnes. The potato accounts for one third of all vegetable farm cash receipts, or $846 million in 2007, making it Canada's most important horticultural crop.

Since the early 1990s, Canadian potato production has expanded to meet international demand for frozen potato products. In 2006-07, Canada shipped 970 000 tonnes of frozen French fries to foreign markets, making it the second largest French fry exporter after the Netherlands. In the same period, it exported 120 000 tonnes of seed potatoes valued at $38 million (Canada is the fifth largest seed potato exporter in the world) and 470 000 tonnes of table potatoes worth $140 million.

Potatoes account for about 36 percent of all fresh and processed vegetables consumed in Canada. Despite the potato’s popularity, however, total consumption has declined from 76 kg per person in 1994 to 65 kg in 2007.

Potato Production in Canada

Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM database, accessed September 15, 2018

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Seeded (acres) 341335 345263 346417 345817 347416
Harvested (acres) 336957 339901 341309 342218 ..
Yield (cwt per harvested acres) 299.10 308.60 309.70 310.70 ..
Production (cwt x 1,000) 100772 104907 105716 106311 ..

Potato Acreage by Province

Ranked by Seeded potato area (acres)
Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM database, accessed September 15, 2018

2017 2018 Change
Canada Total 345,817 347,416 + 0.46 %

1 Prince Edward Island 84,200 84,000 - 0.2 %
2 Manitoba 62,900 64,100 + 1.9 %
3 Alberta 53,570 55,410 + 3.4 %
4 New Brunswick 51,700 53,000 + 2.5 %
5 Quebec 42,996 42,255 - 1.7 %
6 Ontario 35,400 34,000 - 4.0 %
7 Saskatchewan 6,500 6,000 - 7.7 %
8 British Columbia 6,500 6,800 + 4.6 %
9 Nova Scotia 1,700 1,500 - 12 %
10 Newfoundland and Labrador 350 350 + 0 %

For additional details on a Province, visit the Province page

Top Potato Producing Provinces


Source: Statistics Canada (Retrieval Date: September 16, 2018)

Rank Province 2017 Potato Production in (000) cwt Percentage of Production Canada
1 Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island 23,664 22.26 %
2 Manitoba Manitoba 22,200 20.88 %
3 Alberta Alberta 20,507 19.29 %
4 New Brunswick New Brunswick 15,159 14.26 %
5 Quebec Quebec 13,007 12.23 %
6 Ontario Ontario 7,830 7.37 %
7 British Columbia British Columbia 1,824 1.72 %
8 Saskatchewan Saskatchewan 1,625 1.53 %
9 Nova Scotia Nova Scotia 432 0.41 %
10 Newfoundland and Labrador Newfoundland and Labrador 63 0.06 %

Agricultural Statistics Canada

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Potato Area Planted in 2018: 347,416.00 acres
Potato Area Planted in 2017: 345,817.00 acres
Potato Area Harvested in 2017: 342,218.00 acres
Potato Production in 2017: 106,311.00 (000) cwt
Potato Yield in 2017: 310.70 cwt/acre
Potato Production in 2016: 4,324,110.00 tonnes FAO data (imputation)
Potato Area Planted in 2016: 346,417.00 acres

Consumption Statistics Canada


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Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011: 78.37 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Sweet Potatoes, Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011: 1.52 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010: 81.55 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Sweet Potatoes, Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010: 1.51 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009: 72.73 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Sweet Potatoes, Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009: 1.02 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008: 63.01 kg/capita/year Calculated data