波兰国王约翰三世索比斯基(John III Sobieski)在访问维也纳后,在17世纪中期把马铃薯引入到他的国家,马铃薯最初被称为amerykany (源自"美洲")。 之后,波兰因其对马铃薯的热爱而在20世纪成为马铃薯生产巨头之一。

到1970年,该国每年马铃薯收成超过5000万吨,当时仅次于苏联。

如今,波兰的马铃薯产量仍然排名世界前10位。 然而,近年来收成下降,从1990年的3600万吨下降到2000年的2420万吨,然后在2006年下降到不到900万吨的创纪录低点。2007年收成近1180万吨,这是一个可喜的"回升"。

尽管如此,马铃薯仍然是波兰农业的核心,种植马铃薯的农民约有220万,种植面积占总田地面积的10%。 根据最近的估计,几乎一半的马铃薯作物被用作农场动物饲料,25%用于人类消费,2005年人均消费量约为130公斤。(资料来源:国际马铃薯年)
农业数据 波兰
Potato Production in 2017 :9171730.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :329323.00haOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2017 :278503.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2016 :8872440.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2016 :311620.00haOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2016 :284720.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2015 :6313670.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 波兰
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:114.72kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:0.12kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:112.72kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:0.03kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:117.20kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:0.02kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:119.26kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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