马铃薯在玻利维亚安第斯山脉种植了数千年,如今与大豆一起已成为该国最重要的粮食作物。种植马铃薯的农民大约有20万农民,种植面积大约13.5万公顷,种植者绝大多数是小农,他们种植马铃薯主要用于家庭消费。

大多数农民主要依赖能很好地适应玻利维亚"高气候风险"的传统品种。(尤其在高原上,马铃薯作物频繁遭遇冰雹、霜冻和干旱)。这些本地品种之一就是耐寒的"苦味马铃薯",这种马铃薯生长在海拔高达4300米的地方,被加工成被称为chuño的脱水马铃薯产品,该产品可以贮藏长达10年。

过去十年来,玻利维亚的马铃薯由于单位产量提高,马铃薯种植稳步增长,2007年产量为75.5万吨。然而,近期小麦和大米产品进口的增长给马铃薯种植者带来激烈的竞争,特别是在城区市场。(来源:国际马铃薯年)
农业数据 玻利维亚
Potato Production in 2017 :1174740.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :182675.00haOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2017 :64308.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :41998.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :4435.00tonnesOfficial data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :1056.00haOfficial data
Potato Production in 2016 :1073740.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 玻利维亚
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:66.00kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:0.32kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:63.06kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:0.31kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:60.02kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:0.55kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:47.86kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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