尽管自十八世纪起乌克兰就有种植马铃薯,这一作物对乌克兰的气候适应很慢,而且最初主要用于生产淀粉和酒精。直到二十世纪,这一作物才被作为粮食广泛种植,发展至今已被视为该国的“第二种面包”;并且马铃薯馅的perogie饺子是乌克兰人最喜爱的国民美食。

如今,乌克兰是全球第五大马铃薯生产国,位列中国、俄罗斯、印度和美国之后,年人均消费量高达136公斤。虽然北部波列西耶湿地的产量最高,但该国150万公顷的马铃薯农场中有一半左右是建在乌克兰中部森林草原地区的黑土上。

2004年的产量达到2070万吨,平均每公顷产量在13吨左右。尽管产量很高,但乌克兰并没有出口马铃薯:每年因有害生物(主要是科罗拉多马铃薯甲虫)和储藏不当导致大量作物损失。(来源:国际马铃薯年)
农业数据 乌克兰
Potato Production in 2017 :22208200.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :1323200.00haOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2017 :167837.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2016 :21750300.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2016 :1311600.00haOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2016 :165830.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2015 :20839300.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 乌克兰
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:139.76kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:0.00kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:129.23kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:0.00kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:133.35kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:0.00kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:132.36kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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