虽然无人知晓马铃薯抵达欧洲的具体日期,但马铃薯首先抵达欧洲的地方可能是西班牙的加那利群岛,其中至少早在16世纪中期人们就开始种植马铃薯(后来的记录表明,1573年在塞维利亚的de la Sangre医院,马铃薯是提供给该医院患者食用的)。虽然最初马铃薯的花卉比其作为粮食作物更受欢迎,但在直到20世纪90年代大部分时间里,马铃薯是西班牙农业的主要支柱,年产量超过500万吨。然而,今天,像西欧其他地方一样,西班牙的马铃薯产量正在减少。2007年,该国生产了250万吨块茎,而收获面积从1990年的27万公顷减少到了不到9万公顷。因此,西班牙现在是主要的马铃薯进口国 。自1990年以来,原料和加工马铃薯的年进口量从39.5万吨增加到120万吨,主要从法国、德国、意大利和摩洛哥进口。
农业数据 西班牙
Potato Yield in 2016 :327229.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2016 :64068.00haFAO data (imputation)
Sweet Potato Yield in 2016 :170413.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2016 :13523.00tonnesFAO data (imputation)
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2016 :794.00haFAO data (imputation)
Potato Production in 2015 :2284070.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2015 :318666.00hg/haCalculated data
消费数据 西班牙
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:0.48kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2007:65.30kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2007:0.44kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2006:68.97kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2006:0.51kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2005:68.23kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2005:0.48kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
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