据说在1565年,西班牙国王菲利浦二世让人将一包马铃薯块茎带到罗马,作为送给教皇庇护四世的礼物,教皇则将这些样品转赠给了比利时的一名红衣主教。块茎的意大利名称 tartufoli(“小松露”)也随着样品遍布欧洲的繁殖传播被其他不同语种采用,如德语(kartoffel)、罗马尼亚语(cartof)、俄语(kartófil)、甚至冰岛语(kartafla)。

尽管马铃薯(在现代意大利语中被称为patata)是农村家庭数代人的主粮,自20世纪60年代农民在38万公顷土地上生产出400万吨马铃薯之后,马铃薯的种植一直在下降。虽然每公顷产量从10吨增加至大约25吨,但是大量不适宜马铃薯种植的土地被遗弃了。

热爱面食的意大利是欧洲马铃薯消费量最低的国家之一,每年人均消费不足40公斤。即便如此,在2005年要满足国内需求依然需要进口超过100万吨的原料和加工的马铃薯。(来源:国际马铃薯年)
农业数据 意大利
Potato Production in 2017 :1346940.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2017 :277313.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :48571.00haOfficial data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :218918.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :8494.00tonnesOfficial data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :388.00haOfficial data
Potato Production in 2016 :1368920.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 意大利
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:38.47kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:0.28kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:39.94kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:0.27kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:39.74kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:0.25kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:37.38kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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