虽然马铃薯起源于安第斯山脉,但最近发现的DNA证据表明,今天世界各地种植的品种主要来自智利品种。虽然安第斯马铃薯在18世纪在欧洲占主导地位,但智利引进的种质在19世纪成为主流。

智利是拉丁美洲第六大马铃薯生产国,2006年收获量接近150万吨,创下最高纪录,与该国玉米和小麦的产量相当。尽管马铃薯可以在整个智利种植,但生产主要集中在北部的科金博和奇洛埃(包括奇洛埃岛,在这里,前哥伦比亚时期就已经种植了马铃薯)。

智利一半以上的马铃薯都是新鲜食用的(估计人均消费量为每人每年51千克,自1990年以来几乎没有变化),而加工量约为10%,15%用作种薯。按价值计算,种薯主要占该国马铃薯出口的近一半,主要出口至巴西和委内瑞拉。(来源:国际马铃薯年)
农业数据 智利
Potato Production in 2017 :1426480.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2017 :263762.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :54082.00haOfficial data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :116591.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :16234.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :1392.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Production in 2016 :1166020.00tonnesOfficial data
消费数据 智利
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:67.36kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:0.78kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:58.49kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:0.70kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:50.02kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:0.60kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:52.53kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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