马铃薯在16世纪末和17世纪初被带到印度,最有可能是从葡萄牙通过船运抵达。如今,印度是世界第三大马铃薯生产国,2007年的产量约为2600万吨。

在1960年至2000年期间,马铃薯的产量几乎增长了850%,部分原因是为了满足城市收入较高人口日益增长的需求。自1990年之后,人均年消费量从12公斤左右增加至17公斤。

在印度,马铃薯从根本上讲不是农村的主粮,而是为农民提供主要收入的经济作物。2005年产值估计为36亿美元,当年出口量总计约8万吨。

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印度马铃薯种植的地区分布(国际马铃薯研究中心 CIP,世界马铃薯图册)

10月至来年3月短暂的冬日里,适应于该国夏季炎热和冬季短暂的马铃薯品种会被种植在印度河-恒河平原,而在海拔相对较高的南方半岛则进行全年生产。

PotatoPro将印度的马铃薯种植大邦(如下所示,占全国产量超过1%的邦)列为一个单独的地区对其进行介绍。
Top potato producing India
RankName2017 Potato Production in (000) cwt % from total Production
1
北方邦
147550003337.9785265387
2
西孟加拉邦
126525002862.3363813643
3
比哈尔邦
57195001293.9049937335
4
古吉拉特邦
3835790867.75904115973
5
中央邦
3144010711.25976734821
6
旁遮普邦
2571040581.63851649421
7
阿萨姆邦
1072780242.69173864454
8
哈里亚纳邦
813800184.10348525227
9
贾坎德邦
688660155.79344575304
10
恰蒂斯加尔邦
683920154.72113004882
11
卡纳塔克邦
465650105.342575458
Agricultural Statistics 印度
Potato Production in 2017 :48605000.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :2179000.00haOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2017 :223061.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :1460000.00tonnesOfficial data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :128000.00haOfficial data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :114063.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2016 :43770000.00tonnesOfficial data
Consumption Statistics 印度
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:24.40kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:0.86kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:24.14kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:0.82kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:23.27kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:0.81kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:21.63kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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