The project started in July 2020 and will take place over the next three years with a total budget of EUR 5 million funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No GA 2020 862-858.
El proyecto comenzó en julio de 2020 y se llevará a cabo durante los próximos tres años con un presupuesto total de 5 millones de euros financiado por el programa de investigación e innovación Horizonte 2020 de la Unión Europea en virtud del acuerdo de subvención No GA 2020 862-858.
The project is progressing well following initial plans and currently two stress trials are being conducted, each consisting of 54 potato varieties which have been selected based on previous projects for differential sensitivity to heat and drought stress.
Pilot study for characterisation of adaptive responses to single and combined stresses in Desirée, Klára Panzarová (PSI) Desirée plants cultivated in control conditions were at onset of tuberisation subjected to single (D,H,W) and combined stresses. Range of morpho-physiological traits was quantified daily using PlantScreenTM phenotyping System followed by successive tissue sampling for “omics” analysis.
This site is characterized by elevated temperatures also during the night, which is a particularly important point that is strongly affecting the tuberisation process of the plants and thereby potato yield.
At this location we will look closer at the effect of combined stresses – heat and drought.
At the same time, the Dutch breeder Meijer (who is also a member of Europatat) will be looking into the performance of the same varieties under drought conditions in a continental climate setting. This trial will be located in Zeeland, the Netherlands, and will be planted at the end of April.
These results will then be complemented by detailed physiological analysis in controlled environmental conditions in glasshouse studies.
Pilot study for characterisation of adaptive responses to single and combined stresses in Desirée, Klára Panzarová (PSI) (Courtesy: PSI)
Therefore, a first pilot experiment was performed at the end of last year in the PlantScreenTM phenotyping platform at the Research Center of the high-tech company Photon Systems Instruments (PSI) in Drásov (CZ).
Here, the variety Desirée was used as a reference cultivar to establish stress conditions and to obtain a comprehensive picture of morpho-physiological, biochemical and molecular changes.
Initial results show that heat, as well as the combination of heat and drought, had a clear negative impact on plant performance and clearly reduce tuber growth. The waterlogging duration was too severe, as most plants did not recover from the treatment. Subsequent experiments will therefore use a shorter, sub-lethal waterlogging treatment.
Samples taken during the course of the pilot Desirée experiment are being analysed with respect to biochemical and molecular markers by different members of the ADAPT consortium.
The screen for genetic variation with different potato cultivars is being performed for heat by Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), for drought by Wageningen University & Research (WUR) and for waterlogging by Utrecht University.