The first reference to potato in Cuba dates from 1798, when a land-owner complained about a shortage of suitable seed potato. In fact, the lack of varieties adapted to Cuba's tropical island climate discouraged generations of farmers from growing the tubers.

Since the 1970s, production has increased steadily thanks to the use of seed potato imported from France and the Netherlands, which can be reproduced locally for up to three consecutive years. Cuba's potato output reached a record 370 000 tonnes in the year 2000 and, since then, annual harvests have averaged more than 300 000 tonnes.

Yields have doubled since 1990 - today, per hectare output is more than 24 tonnes, amongst the highest yields in Latin America and 50 percent higher than the world average. Production is concentrated in areas around the capital, Havana, and is used mainly for french fries. Annual per capita potato consumption is around 30 kg. (Source: International Year of the Potato)

In 2014 approximately 3200 hectares of potato are being cultivated in Cuba. This is 57% smaller than the total area of 2013 and 17% smaller area than 1990.
Agricultural Statistics Cuba
Potato Yield in 2017 :217360.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2017 :147044.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :6765.00haOfficial data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :517618.00tonnesOfficial data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :108704.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :47617.00haOfficial data
Potato Yield in 2016 :217268.00hg/haCalculated data
Consumption Statistics Cuba
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:21.74kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:14.86kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:26.80kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:17.27kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:26.55kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009:24.91kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008:22.76kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
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