The potato was introduced to Sri Lanka in 1850's by Europeans who settled in higher areas of the country.

At present potato is extensively cultivated in the district of Nuwara Eliya (Up country wet zone >1000m amsl) in two major seasons, "Yala" (Feb - July) and "Maha" (Aug - Dec.) where annual rainfall is >2,500mm and temperature ranges between 10-15 C with the relative humidity of 80%. It also widely grown in Badulla District (Up Country intermediate zone- 1000 to 1500 m amsl) in paddy fields and high land during "Yala' and "Maha" seasons respectively. This area experiences the rainfall of 1500 - 2250 mm annually with 70 % RH and 15- 22 C range in temperature.

Puttlam and Jaffna are the other two districts where the potato is grown in lesser extent.

Potato is the most popular crop of upcountry farmers due to its high net return.
Agricultural Statistics Sri Lanka
Potato Yield in 2017 :164591.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2017 :73358.00tonnesOfficial data
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :4457.00haOfficial data
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :107483.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :40693.00tonnesOfficial data
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :3786.00haOfficial data
Potato Production in 2016 :415300.00tonnesOfficial data
Consumption Statistics Sri Lanka
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:8.36kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:1.76kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:7.65kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:1.44kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:8.07kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:1.58kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:7.75kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
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