Potatoes were introduced to Tanzania in the 1920's by German mission stations in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania (then the German colony of Tanganyika), where local farmers began cultivation in small scale gardens.

Other variety introductions likely arrived via Kenya and Malawi as farmers designate older local varieties by the names of these countries.The potato made it possible for farmers to move their cultivation to higher altitudes.
Agricultural Statistics Tanzania
Potato Production in 2017 :1749210.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :211927.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Potato Yield in 2017 :82538.00hg/haCalculated data
Sweet Potato Production in 2017 :4244370.00tonnesFAO data based on imputation methodology
Sweet Potato Area Harvested in 2017 :800057.00haFAO data based on imputation methodology
Sweet Potato Yield in 2017 :53051.00hg/haCalculated data
Potato Production in 2014 :1738020.00tonnesOfficial data
Consumption Statistics Tanzania
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:46.63kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013:22.09kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:45.36kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012:12.95kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:45.19kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed) , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011:19.78kg/capita/yearPotatoes (Fresh and Processed)
Sweet Potatoes , Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010:42.31kg/capita/yearSweet Potatoes
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